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People in a circle- pinkEthnicity

Based on results from the 2011 Census, Southampton has residents from over 55 different countries. 77.7% of residents recorded their ethnicity as white British, which is a decrease of 11% from 2001, suggesting the city has become more ethnically diverse. Just over 14% of Southampton's population are non-white British with the biggest change being seen in the ‘other white’ group (which includes migrants from Europe), which has increased by over 200% in last 10 years, from 5,519 to 17,461 residents (8.3%).

Ethnicity of school pupils 2015/16 to 2020/21. Tap or click to open a larger image.Within Southampton, there is a wide variation in ethnic diversity. In Bevois ward, over half of residents (55.4%) are from an ethnic group other than white British, compared to 7.6% in Sholing.

The 2020/21 annual school census of pupils in Southampton revealed that 39.7% of pupils were from an ethnic group other than white British. This has increased from 33.6% in 2015/16, a 6.0 percentage point change.

In 2020/21, just over 42.9% of live births in Southampton (where ethnicity was known) were non-White British or Irish. Trends in ethnicity of live births show the ‘Other White’ background has risen most significantly in recent years; from 10.7% (2008/09) to 18.9% (2020/21).

Five most spoken languages in Southampton schools, excluding English 2013 to 2019 Languages

Based on the 2011 Census Southampton has a higher proportion than nationally of households where no-one has English as their main language (7.7% compared to 4.4% nationally). There are 7,522 households in the city that fall into this category. The school census in 2020/21 found that 28% of school pupils had a first language other than English; a rise of 3.2% percentage points from 2015/16.

Just under 12% of Southampton's resident population do not speak English as their main language, and this rose to nearly 24% in residents aged 25 to 34. The most common main language, other than English was Polish, accounting for 3.6% of the total population and 9.5% of the 25 to 34 population. High levels of economic migration into the city from Eastern Europe since 2004 have contributed to this. Only 2.8% of people aged 65 and over had a main language other than English (2011 Census).

Religious groups: Southampton and ONS comparators. 2011 CensusReligion

According to the 2011 Census, 51.5% of the population reported their religion to be Christian, compared to just under 60% in England. This is a fall of approximately 14% from the 2001 Census. The number of people saying they have no religion rose from 21.6% to 33.5% between 2001 and 2011.

The second largest religion in Southampton is Islam. In 2011, 4.2% of Southampton's population were Muslim, although there was significant variation; in Bevois ward this proportion rises to 19.5% of the population, followed by 9.6% in Bargate. The smallest Muslim population live in Sholing Ward (0.7%). Further information and data on religion in Southampton can be downloaded from the resources section below.

Resources

Data compendium

Latest information on ethnicity, languages spoken in Southampton and religion as well as the latest population dashboard.

Ethnicity, language and religion data compendium
Dataset
xlsx | 358KB | 22.07.22
Population dashboard
Visualisation

Nomis - ONS 2011 Census data

The 2011 Census was taken on 27th March 2011. The full data from this census are available in several hundred separate datasets (or tables), covering the whole range of population characteristics and subject areas. These data tables can be queried through the 2011 Census Nomis website. A link to Nomis is provided below.

Nomis - ONS 2011 Census data
Dataset

DfE - Statistics: school and pupil numbers

Statistics on the number and characteristics of schools and pupils.

DfE - Statistics: school and pupil numbers
Dataset

ONS - Change over time in admin-based ethnicity statistics, England: 2016 to 2020

Feasibility research, from the Office for National Statistics (ONS), on producing statistics on the population by ethnic group for England for 2016 to 2020 from administrative data, exploring change over time. This builds on work to improve the 2016 admin-based ethnicity statistics. These research outputs are not official statistics.

ONS - Change over time in admin-based ethnicity statistics, England: 2016 to 2020
Report

Ethnicity hub - Why we no longer use the term ‘BAME’ in government

The Commission on Race and Ethnic Disparities reviewed the causes for race inequality in the UK. The Commission found that aggregate terms like ‘BAME’ (black, Asian and minority ethnic) were no longer helpful and should be dropped, advocating instead a focus on understanding disparities and outcomes for specific ethnic groups.

Ethnicity hub - Why we no longer use the term ‘BAME’ in government
Report

Eastern European Immigration Report (2007)

On 1st May 2004 ten countries, primarily from Eastern Europe, joined the European Union. Subsequently a large number of people, particularly those from the eight eastern European accession countries entered the UK seeking work. A large number of these people chose to come and live and work in Southampton. This report provides an overview of the local nature and impact of this in-migration to the city. It should be noted that much of the data in the report has now been superseded by information from the 2011 Census.

Eastern European nationals living in Southampton (2007)
Report
pdf | 150KB | 01.02.07

Last updated: 22 July 2022